Class 6: English for Today

Hason Raja: The Mystic Bard of Bangladesh
Lesson : 21

Supported by Matador Stationary


The above pictures are of the three well-known mystic bards of Bangladesh. They are famous in Bangladesh and in other countries too. They are Lalon Shah, Hason Raja and Shah Abdul Karim.
A bard is one who writes poems and songs. And a mystic is one who tries to search the Truth and become united with God through prayer and meditation. All three bards wrote poems and songs to express their deep thoughts and feelings about God, life and love for man.
Hason Raja was born in 1854 in a wealthy landlord’s family in Sylhet. He did not receive much formal education. In his youth, he led a life of luxury. He had everything-money, comfort and pleasure. At one time he understood that all these are meaningless. He gave away all his properties. He started to think deeply about the Creator, about life and death and mankind. Hason Raja wrote a lot of songs, perhaps about a thousand in number. His book called ‘Hason Udash’ was published in 1906. The book had 206 songs in it. In his songs Hason called himself ‘Crazy Hason Raja’ or the ‘Pagla Hason Raja’. A volume called ‘Hason Raja Samagra’ (Complete works of Hason Raja) was also published. The book contained 500 poems and songs. Some of the songs were written by the poet in Hindi.
Hason Raja’s songs were always popular in Sylhet. But, very soon they spread all over Bangladesh and beyond. In India’s West Bengal, some eminent folk singers made Hason’s songs popular. When you grow older, you will learn more about this great mystic poet through reading and listening to his songs.

 

Word Meaning (শব্দার্থ):
Above – উপরে
Picture – ছবি
Well-known – সুপরিচিত
Mystic – আধ্যাত্মিক
Bard – চারণ কবি
Fame – সুনাম
Spread – ছড়িয়ে পড়া
Beyond – পেরিয়ে
Write – লেখা
Poem – কবিতা
Song – গান
Try – চেষ্টা করা
Search – খোঁজা
Truth – সত্য
Become – হওয়া
United – যৌথ
God – সৃষ্টিকর্তা
Prayer – প্রার্থনা
Meditation – ধ্যান
Express – প্রকাশ করা
Thought – চিন্তা
Feeling – অনুভূতি
Born – জন্মগ্রহণ করা
Wealthy – বিত্তশালী
Landlord – জমিদার
Receive – গ্রহণ করা
Formal – প্রাতিষ্ঠানিক
Education – শিক্ষা
Youth – যৌবন
Led – জীবনযাপন করা
Luxury – বিলাসিতা
Lack – অভাব হওয়া
Comfort – আরাম
Pleasure – আনন্দ
Started – শুরু করল
Meaningless – অর্থহীন
Gave away – ত্যাগ করল
Property – সম্পত্তি
Wealth – সম্পদ
Deeply – গভীরভাবে
Think – চিন্তা করা
Creator – সৃষ্টিকর্তা
Mankind – মানবজাতি
Wrote – লিখেছিল
Song – গান
Published – প্রকাশিত
Crazy – পাগল
Volume – খন্ড
Contained – ধারণ করেছিল
Always – সবসময়
Popular – জনপ্রিয়
Eminent – বিশিষ্ট
Folk – লোক
Older – আরও বড়
Learn – শেখা
Great – মহান
Listening – শোনা