এইচএসসি ইংরেজী ১ম পত্র

Definition, Causes and Types of Conflict

Unit: 12 | Lesson: 1

Here are two poems that speak of man’s desire for peace and the inevitability of conflict or war. W.B. Yeats (1865-1939) was an Irish poet whose early poetry showed a yearning for love and peace, and who found in nature a refuge from the ugliness of city life. ‘The Lake Isle of Innisfree’ gives him the promise of some peace of mind. W. H. Auden (1907-1973) was an Anglo-American poet who became famous for his stylistic and technical achievements and for poems (and plays) of exceptional depth and feelings. He wrote about love, war, religion, politics and the problems of modern man. ‘September 1, 1939’ is an indictment of all wars, particularly one that was looming over the world in 1939.

‘The Lake Isle of Innisfree’ by W.B. Yeats

I will arise and go now, and go to Innisfree,
And a small cabin build there, of clay and wattles made;
Nine bean rows will I have there, a hive for the honey bee
And live alone in the bee loud glade.
And I shall have some peace there, for peace comes dropping slow
Dropping from the veils of the morning to where the cricket sings;
There midnight’s all a glimmer, and noon a purple glow,
And evening full of the linnet’s wings
I will arise and go now, for always night and day
I hear lake water lapping with low sounds by the shore;
While I stand on the roadway, or on the pavements grey,
I hear it in the deep heart’s core.

From ‘September 1, 1939’ by W. H. Auden

I sit on one of the dives
On Fifty-second Street
Uncertain and afraid
As the clever hopes expire.
Of a low dishonest decade:
Waves of anger and fear
Circulate over the bright
And darkened lands of the earth,
Obsessing our private lives;
The unmentionable odor of death
Offends the September night.

Multiple Choice Questions


Picture 16