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English Literature: Victorian & The Modern Period

The Victorian Period (1832-1901):

The reign of Queen Victoria is known as the Victorian period.

Notable people of the Victorian Period and their Works:

Name of the Notable Person Title and Pen Name Notable Works
Lord Alfred 

Tennyson (1809-1892)

Famous Poems:

  1. Oenone (ইনোনী)
  2. Ulysses

Famous Elegy: In Memoriam A.H.H.

Famous Comedies:

  1. The Falcon
  2. Queen Mary

Famous Quotes

  1. Sorrows are the best educator
  2. Authority forgets a dying king
Robert Browning 


Titles: The innovator of Dramatic Monologue/ The father of Dramatic Monologue. Books of poems:

  1. Men and Women
  2. Dramatic Lyrics

Famous Quotes:

  1. Ignorance is not innocence but sin
  2. God’s in His Heaven -All’s right with the world!
Matthew Arnold 


Title – Melancholic/Elegiac Poet Famous Books:

  1. The Study of Poetry
  2. Literature and Dogma

Famous Elegies:

  • Thyrsis
  • Rugby Chapel

Famous Poems:

  1. Dover Beach
  2. Sohrab and Rustum
  3. The Scholar Gypsy

Famous Quotes:

  1. Truth sits upon the lips of dying men.
  2. Poetry is the criticism of life.
Charles Dickens (1812 -1870) প্রথম গ্রন্থ: Sketches by Boz

Famous Novels:

  1. David Copperfield
  2. Great Expectations

Famous Quote:

“Charity begins at home and justice begins next door.”

Maxim Gorky He is the father of socialist realism Novels: 

  1. Mother
  2. My Childhood
William Makepeace Thackeray (1811 – 1863) Famous Novels:

  1. Vanity Fair
  2. Catherine: A Story
John Stuart Mill (1806 – 1873) Books:

  1. On Liberty
  2. Utilitarianism (উপযোগবাদ)
  3. A System of Logic
Thomas Hardy (1840 – 1928) Title: Pessimistic Novelist বিখ্যাত কবিতা:  At an Inn


  1. Tess of the d’Urbervilles
  2. The Return of the Native
Christina Rossetti (1830 – 1894) Poems:

  1. A Daughter of Eve
  2. My Dream
  3. Bride Song
Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828 -1882) Poems:

  • Heart’s Compass
  • Love and Hope
R.L. Stevenson (1850 – 1894) Famous Novels:

  1. The Treasure Island
  2. New Arabian Nights
  3. Kidnapped
Charlotte Bronte (1816 – 1855) Novels:

  1. Jane Eyre
  2. Shirley
Emily Bronte (1818 -1848) Her Only Novel:

Wuthering Heights

Leo Tolstoy (1828 – 1910) Famous plays:

  1. The Power of Darkness
  2. The Fruits of Enlightenment

Famous novels:

  1. War and Peace
  2. Anna Karenina
George Eliot (1819 – 1880) Real Name: Mary Ann Evans Famous Novels:

  1. Silas Marner
  2. Adam Bede
  3. The Mill on the Floss

Quote: “No man can be wise on an empty stomach.”


Robert Darwin (1809 -1882)

Father of the theory of Evolution Famous Books:

  •  On the Origin of Species
  •  The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals
  •  The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex

Famous quote:

“Tomorrow as yesterday only the fittest will survive in the struggle for existence.”

John Henry Newman (1801 -1890) Famous Books:

  1. Loss and Gain 
  2. The Idea of a University
William Ewart Gladstone (1809 – 1898) Titles: Grand Old Man of Britain
Alexandre Dumas (1802 – 1870) Novels:

  1. The Three Musketeers
  2. Twenty Years After
  3. The Black Tulip
Karl Marx (1818 – 1883) ‘The father of Socialism and modern scientific communism’ Famous quotes:

  1. Religion is the opium of the people.
  2. আজ পর্যন্ত যত সমাজ দেখা গেছে তাদের প্রত্যেকের ইতিহাস শ্রেণি সংগ্রামের ইতিহাস।
Hans Christian Andersen (1805 -1875) Most famous fairy tales:  

  1. The Emperor’s New Clothes
  2. The Little Mermaid
Elizabeth Gaskell (1810 – 1865) Books:

  1. North and South
  2. Wives and Daughters
  3. Mary Barton
Sir Arthur 

Conan Doyle (1859 – 1930)


  1. Sherlock Holmes (detective story)
  2. A Study in Scarlet
Oscar Wilde (1854 – 1900) Famous books and plays:

  1. A Woman of No Importance (play)
  2. An Ideal Husband (play)
  3. The Picture of Dorian Gray (novel)
Edgar Allan Poe (1809 -1849) Father of English Short-Story

Father of Modern Detective Story

Only Novel:

The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket

Famous short stories:

  1. The Black Cat
  2. The Tell-Tale Heart
Jules Verne (1828 – 1905) Titles: Father of Science Fiction Works:

  1. Journey to the Center of the Earth
  2. Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (Science Fiction)
Napoleon Bonaparte (1769 – 1821) Famous Quotes:

  1. Give me a good mother; I will give you a good nation.
  2. The career is open to the talents.
Abraham Lincoln (1809 -1865) বিখ্যাত উক্তি :

  1. Democracy is the government of the people, by the people, for the people.
  2. No man has a good enough memory to be a successful liar.
Victor Hugo (1802 – 1885) Novels:

  1. Les Miserables
  2. The Hunchback of Notre-Dame

Books of Poems:

  1. Autumn Leaves
  2. Inner Voices

Short Story:

Claude Gueux

Emerson (1803 – 1882) Full Name: Ralph Waldo Emerson Famous Speech: The American Scholar
Walt Whitman (1819 – 1892) Titles: America’s National Poet Books:

  1. Leaves of Grass
  2. Franklin Evans

The Modern & The PostModern Periods (1901-Present):

The Modern Period includes two shorter ages:

  •     The Edwardian (1901-1910):

The Edwardian period is named after King Edward VII.

  •     The Georgian (1910-1939)

Notable People of the Modern Period and their Works:

Name of the Notable Person Title and Pen Name Notable Works
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (1931 – 2015) Full Name: Abul Pakir Jainlabdeen Abdul Kalam Famous Book:

  1. Wings of Fire (An Autobiography)
  2. Ignited Minds
  3. Inspiring Thought

Famous Quote:

“Dream is not that you see while sleeping. It is something that will not let you sleep.”

A.C Bradley (1851 – 1935) Full Name: Andrew Cecil Bradley Famous Book: Shakespearean Tragedy
Anthony Mascarenhas (1928 – 1986) Books:

  • The Rape of Bangladesh (1971)
  • Bangladesh: A Legacy of Blood
Henrik Ibsen (1828 – 1906) Title: Father of Modern Drama Famous plays:

  1. A Doll’s House
  2. Catiline