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English Literature: Augustan, Romantic Period

The Augustan Period  (1700-1745):

এই যুগের লেখকগণ প্রাচীন ইতালীয় সম্রাট Augustus-এর আমলের লেখকদের অনুকরণ করেছিলেন বলে এই যুগকে Augustan Period বলে।

Famous Writer from The Augustan  Period and their works:

Name of the Writer Title and Pen Name Notable Works
Alexander Pope (1688-1744) Titles: Mock Heroic Poet Famous poems:

  1.  An Essay on Man
  2. The Dunciad

Famous Epic:

  1. The Rape of the Lock

Famous quotes:

  1. “A little learning is a dangerous thing.”
  2. “Fools rush in where angels fear to tread.”
Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) Titles: The Greatest Satirist (ব্যঙ্গ রচয়িতা) of the 18th Century Famous Books:

  1. Gulliver’s Travels
  2. A modest proposal
Daniel Defoe (1660 – 1731) Famous satirical poem: The True Born English Man

Famous Novels:

  1. Robinson Crusoe
  2. Colonel Jack

Famous quote:

“Thus fear of danger is ten thousand times more terrifying than danger itself.”

Samuel Richardson (1689 – 1761) Famous Novel:

  1. Pamela
  2. Clarissa
Joseph Addison (1672 – 1719)

and Richard Steele (1672 – 1729)

দুইজন Addison and Steele নামে পরিচিত
  • The Spectator (a daily publication founded by them)
  • The Tatler (a literary and society journal begun by Richard Steele)
  • “Sir Roger at Church” -Joseph Addison এর বিখ্যাত essay

The Age of Sensibility (1745-1798):

এ যুগের writer-রা মূলত sense, reason, feeling-কে বেশি গুরুত্ব দিয়েছেন বলে এই যুগকে The Age of Sensibility বলা হয়েছে।

Slogans of French Revolution:

  1. Liberty
  2. Equity
  3. Fraternity

Famous Writers from the Age of Sensibility and their Work:

Name of the Writer Title and Pen Name Notable Works
Samuel Jhonson Titles:

  • Writer of English Dictionary
  • Shakespeare Critic
Famous Books:

  1. A preface to Shakespeare
  2. A varsity of Human Wishes
  3. London (a poem)
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749 – 1832) Title: The greatest poet of Germany Famous dramatic poem: Faust

Quote: “Man errs so long as he strives”

Henry Fielding (1707-1754)
  • তাকে English Novel এর জনক বলা হয়
  • Pen Name – Captain Hercules Vinegar 
তিনি Picaresque Novel  এর জন্য বিখ্যাত

Well known plays:

  1. The tragedy of tragedies
  2. The temple beau

Famous Novels:

  1. The History of Tom Jones, a founding
  2. Amelia
Oliver Goldsmith (1728-1774) Famous Books and Poems:

  1. The Citizen of the World
  2. The Vicar of Wakefield
  3. The Deserted Village (Poem)
  4. She stoops to conquer (play)
Thomas Gray (1716-1771) Graveyard Poet Famous elegy: Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard

Famous Quotes:

 “Full many a flower is born to blush unseen, And waste its sweetness on the desert air.” 

Edmund Burke (1729-1797) The Founding Father of Modern Conservatism Famous Speech: Speech on Conciliation with America

Famous Quotes: The greater the power the more dangerous the abuse

Edward Gibbon (1737-1794) Famous Book: The History of the Decline and Fall of Roman Empire
Lindley Murray (1745-1826) Father of English Grammar
Gerasim Lebedev (1749-1817) The Disguise এবং Love is the Best Doctor নামক দুইটি নাটক বঙ্গানুবাদ করেন
Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) Father of both the Regional and the Historical Novel Ivanhoe তার শ্রেষ্ঠ উপন্যাস
Harold J Laski (1893-1950) Book: A Grammar of Politics
Adam Smith (1723-1790) The Father of Economics/Classical Economics or The Father of Capitalism
  1. The Theory of Moral Sentiments
  2. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations
Rousseau (1712-1778) Full Name: Jean Jacques Rousseau Famous Books:

  1. The Social Contract
  2. Emile (On Education)
Voltaire (1694-1778) Full Name: Francois-Marie Arouet Books:

  1. Candide
  2. Zaire


  • If God didn’t exist it would be necessary to invent him

The Romantic Period (1798-1832/37):

এই যুগকে বলা হয় – The Golden Age of Lyric / Age of Revolution

Slogan: Art of Art’s Sake

Famous Writers from the Romantic Period and their Work:

Name of the Writer Title and Pen Name Notable Works
William Wordsworth (1770-1850) High Priest of Nature


  • Poet of Nature
  • Poet of Childhood
  • Lake Poet
  • Believer of Pantheism
  • Father of Romantic Age
একমাত্র নাটক The Borderers

Famous Poems:

  1. The Daffodils
  2. The Solitary Reapers

Famous Quotes:

  1. Child is the father of the man.
  2. All at once I saw crowed, A Host, of Golden daffodils
S.T. Coleridge (1772-1834) Famous Book: Biographia Literaria

Quote from “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”: Alone, alone, all alone

Alone on a wide, wide sea

P.B. Shelley Full Name: Percy Bysshe Shelley

Revolutionary poet of English Literature


  1. The Revolt of Islam
  2. The Necessity of Atheism
  3. The Cenci (play)


  1. If winter comes can spring be far behind?
  2. Our sweetest songs are those that tell of saddest thoughts.
John Keats (1795-1821) Titles:

  • Poet of Beauty
  • Poet of sensuousness 
Famous Books of Poem:

  1. Endymion
  2. Lamia


  1. Beauty is truth, truth is beauty.
  2. ‘My heart aches, and a drowsy numbness pains/ My sense, as though of hemlock I had drunk.’
William Blake (1757-1827) Books:

  1. Songs of Innocence
  2. Milton (a poem)


  1. All Pray in their distress.
  2. Little lamb, who made thee?
Charles Lamb (1775-1834) Books:

  1. The Essays of Elia
  2. Tales from Shakespeare
William Hazlitt (1778-1830) Books:

  1. The Spirit of the Age
  2. Prejudice is the child of ignorance


  • Poverty is the test of civility and the touchstone of friendship
Lord Byron (1788-1824) Full Name: George Gordon Byron

Title: Rebel Poet

Famous Books:

  1. The Vision of Judgment
  2. Hours of Idleness

বায়রনের বিখ্যাত গীতি কবিতা: “She Walks in Beauty”

Famous Quotes:

  • Sweet is revenge – especially to women
Jane Austen (1775-1817) Books:

  1. Pride and Prejudice

Quote: “A lady’s imagination is very rapid; it jumps from admiration to love, from love to matrimony (বিবাহ) in a moment.”

Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837) His full name is Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin. Notable Works:

  1. Eugene Onegin (novel)
  2. Boris Godunov (Play)
Henry Louis Vivian Derozio (1809 – 1831)  তার প্রধান গ্রন্থ The Fakeer of Jungheera