Categories of Transformation:
- Simple – Complex – Compound
- Affirmative – Negative – Interrogative/ Imperative/ Exclamatory
- Positive – Comparative – Superlative
1. Simple – Complex – Compound
Simple: Single clause,1 subject,1 finite verb
Complex: More than one clause, coordinating conjunction
Compound: 1 main clause, one or more sub-ord clauses
“PRELI500” প্রোমো কোড ব্যবহার করে ৫০০ টাকা ডিসকাউন্টে টেন মিনিট স্কুলের “বিসিএস প্রিলি” কোর্সে এনরোল করতে ক্লিক করো এই লিংকে!
|He admitted his guilt
|He admitted that he is guilty
|He is guilty and he admitted that
Transformation of simple, complex, and compound
|verb + ing
|Being fired, she cried.
|As she was fired, she cried.
|She was fired and so she cried.
|To + non-finite verb
|He came to meet me.
|He came so that he could meet me.
|He came and [he] met me.
|In spite of/despite
|In spite of being healthy, he is lazy
|Though he is healthy, he is lazy
|He is healthy but lazy
|She was too tired to move
|She was so weak that she could not move
|She was very weak and she could not move
|Without working hard, you will fail
|If you don’t work hard, you will fail
|Work hard or you will fail
|It was a nice dress
|It was a dress that was nice
|It was a dress and it was nice
Transformation of Affirmative – Negative
Negative: none but/nothing but/not more than
|It was only a dress
It was nothing but a dress
Negative: not many
|I have a few friends
I do not have many friends
|Affirmative: bound/can/have to/must
Negative: cannot but/cannot help
|He is bound to/must give me thanks
He cannot but give me thanks OR
He cannot help giving me thanks
Negative: not only….but also
|Both Karim and Kamal can do the work
Not only Karim but also Kamal can do the work
Negative: there is no….but/no
|Every mother loves her child
There is no mother but loves her child
No mother hates her child
|I will always remember you
I will never forget you
|Affirmative: as soon as
Negative: no sooner had
|As soon as he entered the room, I left.
No sooner had he entered the room than I left.
Negative: not always
|My father sometimes smokes.
My father does not always smoke.
Transformation of Assertive to Interrogative
- If the sentence is in the affirmative(positive) you have to change it into a negative interrogative.
If it is negative then you have to change it into bare interrogative
Example: He is playing football
Incorrect- Is he playing football?
Correct – Isn’t he playing football?
- If the given sentence is already in negative it will be transformed into affirmative-interrogative/ bare interrogative
Example: He is not playing football
Incorrect- Isn’t he playing football?
Correct- Is he playing football?
|He never cooks food
None can do this
Every man must die
There is nothing in the box
|Does he ever cook food?
Who can do this?
Is there any man who will not die?
Is there anything in the box?
Transformation of Assertive to Exclamatory
- If the assertive sentence contains any article(a/an) before the adjective, its exclamatory sentence will start with “what”
Assertive- You are a great fool.
Exclamatory- What a great fool you are!
|I wish I had so much money
If I had so much money!
|∙Assertive : rejoice/delight/grief
Exclamatory: Hurrah/bravo/ Alas
|I regret the man is dead
Alas! The man is dead
|Assertive: I wish
|I wish I were a king
If I were a king!
|You should do your homework
You are requested to come early
He drinks coffee
You should not tell a lie
|Do your homework
Please come early
Let him drink coffee
Do not tell a lie
Transformation of degree
Positive – Comparative – Superlative
|No other metal is as useful as iron
|Than any other/
than all other
|Iron is more useful than any other metals
|Iron is the most useful of all the metals
|Few/ very few
|Very few boys are as humble as Zamil
|More….than most other
|Zamil is more humble than most other boys
|One of the most
|Zamil is one of the most humble boys